Uganda Peoples Congress

Uganda Peoples Congress Official Website

Party President James Akena

UPC Party

UPC Party Flag The UPC Party tricolour flag consists of three horizontal stripes representing
Black for the African Personality;
Red for Human Equality and Brotherhood;
Blue for Peace and Justice.

UPC Website Launch Message by Milton Obote more..> Read Complete Speech HERE

The Uganda crisis of 1966, Should UPC Apologize to Buganda?
by Yoga Adhola  (download PDF HERE  - new window will open for your reading convenience)

Letter to a London Friend: "Myths and Realities
" by Dr. A.M. Obote (download PDF HERE  - new window will open for your reading convenience)


 By Yoga Adhola

With independence attained, Uganda and the Uganda People's Congress were now at a threshold. Engels once said:

So long as a viable nation is fettered by an alien conqueror, it necessarily directs all its efforts, all its aspirations and all its energy against the external enemy; so long as its internal life is paralyzed in this way, it is incapable of fighting for social emancipation." (Engels, F. 1869; also quoted in Brutents, K.N 1977:168)

The kind of emancipation Uganda was poised for is national-democratic liberation and the Uganda People's Congress was in the saddle to lead this transformation. By national-democratic liberation it is meant the changes that not only remove colonial obstacles, but also lay important premises for socio-economic development. Initially the leadership of UPC did not have a clear picture of national-democratic liberation; however, the lack of clarity on this matter was not a fatal obstacle.

The situation the UPC leadership found itself in was somehow similar to what Fredrick Engels noted in his analysis of The Paris Commune when he observed that much as the organization was led by people with the wrong ideology, the group took a correct line, as he states:


 By Yoga Adhola

The National Resistance Movement (NRM) is a movement to resist UPC or what UPC stands for, i.e. national-democratic liberation. The earliest incidence of this resistance is given to us by none other than the founder of the NRM, Yoweri Museveni. He recounts:

We were staunchly anti-Obote. On 22 February 1966, the day he arrested five members of his cabinet, three of us, Martin Mwesigwa, Eriya Kategaya and myself went to see James Kahigiriza, who was the Chief Minister of Ankole, to inquire about the possibility of going into exile to launch an armed struggle. Kahigiriza discouraged us, saying that we should give Obote enough time to fall by his own mistakes. We saw him again a few weeks later and he gave us the example of Nkrumah, who had been overthrown in Ghana by a military coup two days after Obote's abrogation of the Uganda constitution. Kahigiriza advised us that Nkrumah's example showed that all dictators were bound to fall in due course. Inwardly we were not convinced. We knew that dictators had to be actively opposed and that they would not just fall off by themselves like ripe mangoes. Later I went to Gayaza High School with Mwesigwa to contact Grace Ibingira's sister in order to find out whether
What is Ideology? by Yoga Adhola  (download PDF HERE - new window will open for your reading convenience)

Museveni's Ideology by Yoga Adhola (download PDF HERE - new window will open for your reading convenience)

UNC From Musazi to Obote by Yoga Adhola (download PDF HERE - new window will open for your reading convenience)